Facts about Mars

  • Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury.
  • Mars carries the name of the Roman god of war and is often referred to as the “Red Planet”.
  • It is called as Red Planet because of the effect of the iron oxide prevalent on Mars’s surface, which gives it a reddish appearance distinctive among the astronomical bodies visible to the naked eye.
  • The days and seasons are comparable to those of Earth, because the rotational period as well as the tilt of the rotational axis relative to the ecliptic plane are similar.
  • Olympus Mons, located in Mars is the largest volcano and highest known mountain on any planet in the Solar System.
  • Valles Marineris is one of the largest canyons in the Solar System.
  • Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and irregularly shaped.
  • Mars is approximately half the diameter of Earth, with a surface area only slightly less than the total area of Earth’s dry land.
  • Mars is less dense than Earth, having about 15% of Earth’s volume and 11% of Earth’s mass, resulting in about 38% of Earth’s surface gravity.

Also Read Facts about other planets in Solar system: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

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A.Sulthan, Ph.D.,
Author and Assistant Professor in Finance, Ardent fan of Arsenal FC. Always believe "The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance - Socrates"
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